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John Taylor (South Carolina governor)

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John Taylor
51st Governor of South Carolina
In office
December 9, 1826 – December 10, 1828
LieutenantJames Witherspoon
Preceded byRichard Irvine Manning I
Succeeded byStephen Decatur Miller
Member of the South Carolina Senate from Richland District
In office
November 23, 1818 – November 27, 1826
Preceded byJohn Hopkins
Succeeded byWade Hampton III
United States Senator
from South Carolina
In office
December 31, 1810 – November 1816
Preceded byThomas Sumter
Succeeded byWilliam Smith
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 4th district
In office
March 4, 1807 – December 30, 1810
Preceded byO'Brien Smith
Succeeded byWilliam Lowndes
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Richland County
In office
November 28, 1796 – November 22, 1802
Personal details
Born(1770-05-04)May 4, 1770
Granby, Province of South Carolina, British America
DiedApril 16, 1832(1832-04-16) (aged 61)
Camden, South Carolina, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic-Republican
Alma materCollege of New Jersey
Professionlawyer, politician

John Taylor (May 4, 1770 – April 16, 1832) was the 51st Governor of South Carolina from 1826 to 1828.


He was born May 4, 1770, in Granby in the Province of South Carolina. He attended Mount Zion Institute in Winnsboro, South Carolina, and graduated in 1790 from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) and became a lawyer. He opened his practice in Columbia but also had farming interests.

After school, Taylor served in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1796 to 1802 and again from 1804 to 1805. He was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1807, and served there until he became a U.S. Senator in 1810 filling the vacancy left by Thomas Sumter. He was elected to serve a full term beginning in 1811. As senator, he was known for his especially persuasive personality. While also serving the senate, he developed the first version of what is now known as the Taylor foundation. This foundation is a gathering of aspiring politicians to come together and talk and help each other. But soon afterwards he left federal service in 1816 and returned to his home state to become a South Carolina state senator from 1818 to 1826.

Taylor was elected to state governor in 1826. He also served as a trustee of South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) and as director of the Columbia Theological Seminary. His term in office was primarily known for rallying the state to oppose federal tariffs. He died in 1832 in Camden, South Carolina.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 4th congressional district

Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by U.S. senator (Class 2) from South Carolina
Served alongside: John Gaillard
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Governor of South Carolina
Succeeded by

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